Everybody is aware of the pressure that the voluntary and public sector have been under for the last few years. Most areas of public spending have been squeezed to a greater or lesser extent, and some sectors have seen provision and capacity substantially affected. While the drug and alcohol treatment sector has not got off scot-free, the presence of the NTA and the somewhat protected funding structure provided for in the Pooled Treatment Budget (PTB) had sheltered the sector to some extent from the pressures elsewhere.
In April 2013, all that changed. Commissioning responsibilities moved to local authorities accompanied by funding previously indicated for drug and alcohol services, which now forms a substantial part of the local public health allocations. What should be noted here is that while the amount of funding nominally allocated to drug and alcohol services hasn’t gone down, there is (currently) no sign of effective protection or ring-fence for the sector and its clients.
Turning to the Public Health Outcomes Framework, which local authorities will be measured against, we can see that relatively few indicators relate directly to the work of the sector – arguably three out of a total of 66 outcome indicators. While well-prepared providers are already working to demonstrate the way their work supports improvement of other key indicators, there is the risk that local authorities under increasing financial pressure may think that a third of the money delivering a twentieth of the outcomes is not a great deal. Public Health England has a role to play in all of this, although it’s not yet entirely clear what that role may comprise of.
In terms of partnerships with the criminal justice sector, another change has taken place. From April 2013, elected Police and Crime Commissioners (and their staff) have replaced Police Authorities. While they, in effect, take control over their budgets in two stages (in April 2013 itself and then 2014), they will be key players – for example through commissioning Drug Interventions Programme (DIP) successors, or through commissioning outreach or – ultimately – whatever sort of provision they feel would work best locally, which could include none at all, at a time when core police budgets are also under pressure.
Clearly, 2013 could turn out to be a crucial year for the sector –a year zero for two hugely important funding and commissioning reforms. However, it was always unlikely to be a ‘big bang’ year – there are contracts with time remaining, and there was a reasonable assumption that at least some of these new structures would take time to familiarise themselves with their new responsibilities and bed themselves in. However, with around 150 local authorities making decisions about spending on public health, and over 40 Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) in charge of community safety and crime reduction, understanding the sector has suddenly become more difficult.
The State of the Sector research, conducted for the Recovery Partnership, is an attempt to address that, and will also provide a useful resource for DrugScope in other activities. The research comprised a large online questionnaire, interviews with services in 9 areas that had been identified as particularly interesting, interviews with a number of chief executives and through Freedom of Information Act requests to every PCC in England and Wales. In London, DrugScope, along with the London Drug and Alcohol Policy Forum, contacted every local authority to learn more about their commissioning structures.
The results so far have, to an extent, been in line with expectations – for the reasons above, it always seemed unlikely that there would have been rapid and significant changes by the end of October 2013 but knowing where the sector has come from will help us to identify the direction of travel more accurately. DrugScope and the Recovery Partnership will be publishing a full State of the Sector report later this year, but produced an interim report for its annual conference in November, focussing on key parts only of the responses to the online questionnaire.
- 36% of services reported a decrease in funding, of which around a third was due to losing services as a result of recommissioning.
- 41% had been through a retendering or recommissioning exercise in the last 12 months, with 64% expecting to in the coming 12 months.
- 44% reported a decrease in front-line staff numbers, and 63% an increase in the use of volunteers.
- 43% said they were not engaged with their Health and Wellbeing Board, including no involvement in any Joint Strategic Needs Assessment Consultation.
- Around 4 in 10 had had involvement with their Police and Crime Commissioner, but only around 1 in 10 was involved via the Police and Crime Plan consultation.
- 9 out of 10 respondents reported that welfare reform had had a negative impact on their clients.
- No respondents were receiving funding from Jobcentre Plus’s Flexible Support Fund.
- Most respondents identified funding and recommissioning as the biggest single challenges facing their own service.
- The most significant gaps in local provision were (in order) access to housing, partnership / support for clients with complex needs, and education, training and employment opportunities.
If you would like to discuss the State of the Sector research, please contact Paul Anders – firstname.lastname@example.org or 020 7234 9799